Hdd Harddisk Camcorder

Hdd Harddisk Camcorder

Camcorder Recording Methods and Technology

Over the years, camcorders have evolved from tape (which has spanned many decades), to DVD, and more recently to Harddrives(HDD) and Flash Memory.

[1] Tape Camcorders – The oldest technology has evolved from reel to reel, VHS, VHS-C, 8mm, Hi8, and finally to today’s best tape technology, the MiniDV tape. The latest MiniDV tapes are very small in size, and hold about 1 hour of recorded video in either standard definition, or high definition (using HDV compression). Most professional camcorders still use tape. Tape does have one advantage, that is that the recorded tape is an archive or backup of your video. So even if you transfer the video to your computer, and the computer crashes, you still have your tape. The disadvantage of MiniDV is that the camcorder will be larger, and you have to go sequentially through the entire tape (like VHS tapes) to get to a scene. The quality of the recording though is excellent and good for editing once its transferred to a computer.

[2] DVD Camcorders.- This type of camcorder was designed mainly for convenience. These type of camcorders for a brief time were top sellers. Their appeal was that you could record video to a Mini DVD that could be played directly by your home DVD player. Standard Mini DVDs only hold about 20 minutes of video at best quality. Transferring the video for editing is not ideal, and you may lose some quality. This type of camcorder is now in decline as less models are available and it is not a top seller.

[3] Harddisk (HDD) Camcorders – These type of camcorders which were introduced a couple of years ago, use a tiny computer harddrive (similar to what is in an iPod Classic) to record video. The advantage of this type of recording method is the huge storage potential. A typical high definition HDD camcorder can hold at least the equivalent of 10 MiniDV tapes. So they are adequate for even the longest filming events or vacations. The main disadvantage of an HDD camcorder is that there is no archival copy of the footage. Once you transfer the video to your computer, you erase the camcorder to record again. It is recommended that you make backups of your video on external harddrives so if your computer crashes, you don’t lose your video. HDD camcorders can also eat more power than a Flash Memory camcorder.

[4] Flash Memory Camcorder – This is the latest and most popular type of camcorder. These camcorders record to memory cards (Typically SD, SDHC, and Memory Stick). These are the same type of cards that Digital Cameras use. The advantage of this type of camcorder is smaller size, better battery life, and no moving parts to record the video. Flash memory is now in small and cheap camcorders, as well as advanced models with bigger imaging sensors and lenses. For high definition they use the new AVCHD compression. The disadvantage of this type of camcorder is the same as harddrive camcorders. If you erase your memory cards to re-use, then you need to make backup copies of your video from your computer.

[4] Dual Flash Memory Camcorder – This is exactly like the flash memory camcorders, except that they have built-in memory (typically 16gb to 64gb as of this writing). You have the option of using the internal memory or memory cards.

The future of camcorder recording technology appears to belong to flash memory and dual flash memory. This should be the standard for recording video for many years to come, just as video tape was the standard for decades.

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